Skip to main content

Set up an android device to run appium tests

Back to Appium Tutorial Index

While emulators are cheap solutions to run automated tests on mobile device. They can not emulate behavior of real device. if your requirement is to run tests on a mobile chrome browser then you are better off using android device since chrome browser can not be installed on emulator.

Following configurations are required to be able to run tests on mobile device -

  • Download appropriate version of chrome browser on your device
  • Enable to Developer Mode on device. For ex, to enable developer mode on moto-4.4.4 do following -

Tap  moto-g-apps
Tap Settings
Tap  About phone
Tap the Build number field 7 times
You will begin seeing a message as you approach the 7 touches
moto-g-developer-options
Tap the back arrow once complete, and Developer options will now appear under Settings. Once the developer options are enabled under settings in Moto G, it will be there permanently. Hence it is not necessary to repeat these procedures again.You can also disable the developers options if you want.  
Once you tap developer options under settings, you can drag it to left to disable the options.
  • Disable/uncheck “Verify Apps” settings, else it can prevent some of Appium’s helper apps from launching and doing their job correctly. To disable “Verify Apps” settings select  HOME > Security – PERSONAL > and uncheck the Verify app checkbox

To connect device to adb -


Under Developer Option select “USB Debugging checkbox”
Note: When you connect a device running Android 4.2.2 or higher to your computer, the system shows a dialog asking whether to accept an RSA key that allows debugging through this computer. This security mechanism protects user devices because it ensures that USB debugging and other adb commands cannot be executed unless you're able to unlock the device and acknowledge the dialog. This requires that you have adb version 1.0.31 (available with SDK Platform-tools r16.0.1 and higher) in order to debug on a device running Android 4.2.2 or higher. (if you don’t see this option and after enabling “USB debugging”, and command “adb devices” list your device(s) then check or uncheck “USB debugging” a few time, this how it worked for me :-))
When plugged in over USB, you can verify that your device is connected by executing adb devices from your SDK platform-tools/ directory. If connected, you'll see the device name listed as a "device."

Popular posts from this blog

Where is my defect ID?

Don't you feel ecstatic when your automated tests find bug? After all tests finding bugs give us a sense of accomplishment, is not it? And this is followed by usual cycle of defect reporting, retesting and hopefully closure of defect. But at times defects are deferred to next or future releases. Which causes test method to fail for subsequent releases. And if you are dealing with a test suite having 100s of tests then it may become difficult to remember if there was a defect reported for a failing test? How do you deal with such situation. How about adding defect-id to @description tag of TestNG test. Hence it is reported on automated test report and we would know if defect exists for a failing test - How do you track defect-id of a failing test?

Return only first or last element from webelements collection

We often come across situation when there are multiple elements on a page and we probably like to exercise only a few of them using selenium webdriver. May be just first and last element. For example on a search result page we may like to click on only first and last link and not all. This is when Iterables API comes handy. (By the way I am assuming that you have already completed watching selenium training videos :)). Once we have collection of web element then we can use Iterables to get only first or last element as following - Consider that we fetch collection of element as - List< WebElement > webElements = getDriver().findElements(By. id ( "htmlID" ));   Now we can get the first web element from this collection as -  WebElement firstElement = Iterables. getFirst (webElements,  getDriver().findElement(By. id ( "defaultElement" )));   Herein second argument -   (getDriver().findElement(By. id ( "defaultElement" )))    in the me

Using chrome console to test xPath and css selectors

Since the advent of selenium there have been many plugin to test xPath / css selectors but you don’t need any of them if you have chrome browser. Using Chrome console you can test both xPath and css selectors. Launch website to be tested in chrome browser and hit F-12 and you would see chrome console opened in lower pane of application - Hit escape key and console would open another pane to write element locators - And now you can start writing xPath or css selectors in chrome console and test them - The syntax for writing css id - $$(“ ”) And hit the enter key. If your expression is right then html snippet of the application element corresponding to the css selector would be displayed - If you mouse over the html snippet in chrome console then it would highlight the corresponding element in application - If you want to clean console of previously written element selectors then just hit ctrl+L keys and chrome console would be empty again. Pro