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Verify email confirmation using Selenium

Note: If you are new to java and selenium then start with selenium java training videos. 
Email confirmation seems to be integral part of any registration process.
I came across an application which lets you provide your email address. You can follow the sign up link in you mail and then complete the registration process.
Lets consider we provide GMail address for it. Now if were to use only Selenium then we would have to follow following steps -

Launch GMail using Selenium; Some how search for new mail in the list of available mails; Some how click on it; Parse the mail message; Get the registration link; Follow up with registration process

What do you think of an approach in which you can

Access GMail using plain java APIs (This in turn uses pop3 or imap); Reach the desired message; Get the registration link; Follow up with registration process

This approach looks far cleaner as we don't have to have UI interaction with GMail.
Java API which I am talking about here is Java Mail. You could find more details on this here -
And here goes the magic code -

And now you can launch registrationURL using Selenium and continue with testing :-)


  1. Great post, thanks for sharing. Also maybe we could get a link to a straight text file as the blogger doesn't allow for us to copy the code you posted to test it out.

  2. This comment has been removed by the author.

  3. You should be able to copy now, let me know if you are not

  4. Thanks to Steve for identifying a problem with code, I have corrected it now

  5. To be honest I do not agree. We use gmail box to store our confirmation emails. We have a class that lets us log in to gmail and access the last message, which you can then parse to find links, texts, images, etc. It's a simple class, just a few lines of code so I wouldn't say it's not clean. Moreover in this way we don't need any custom reporting (we can use our default reporting system for Selenium).

    However I can see one advantage of your solution. If you use POP3 then it's much simpler to switch between mailboxes (if one day you decide you cannot use gmail for any reason). Also this way probably is a little bit faster too.

  6. Interesting post. Thank you!

  7. Not able to copy the code... :(

    1. You can use ViewRaw link to copy code or use this -

  8. This is really a great post.
    But when I need to check mails, I do not have username and password. Just need to verify if email workflow is being fired or not through SharePoint. Can you please help?

    1. In that case you may have to check on your SMTP server about email being fired

  9. hi,
    is there any way to assert mail template using selenium?

    1. Could you elaborate more on your question?


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