Skip to main content

Verify email confirmation using Selenium

Email confirmation seems to be integral part of any registration process.
I came across an application which lets you provide your email address. You can follow the sign up link in you mail and then complete the registration process.
Lets consider we provide GMail address for it. Now if were to use only Selenium then we would have to follow following steps -

Launch GMail using Selenium; Some how search for new mail in the list of available mails; Some how click on it; Parse the mail message; Get the registration link; Follow up with registration process

What do you think of an approach in which you can

Access GMail using plain java APIs (This in turn uses pop3 or imap); Reach the desired message; Get the registration link; Follow up with registration process

This approach looks far cleaner as we don't have to have UI interaction with GMail.
Java API which I am talking about here is Java Mail. You could find more details on this here -
And here goes the magic code -

And now you can launch registrationURL using Selenium and continue with testing :-)


  1. Great post, thanks for sharing. Also maybe we could get a link to a straight text file as the blogger doesn't allow for us to copy the code you posted to test it out.

  2. This comment has been removed by the author.

  3. You should be able to copy now, let me know if you are not

  4. Thanks to Steve for identifying a problem with code, I have corrected it now

  5. To be honest I do not agree. We use gmail box to store our confirmation emails. We have a class that lets us log in to gmail and access the last message, which you can then parse to find links, texts, images, etc. It's a simple class, just a few lines of code so I wouldn't say it's not clean. Moreover in this way we don't need any custom reporting (we can use our default reporting system for Selenium).

    However I can see one advantage of your solution. If you use POP3 then it's much simpler to switch between mailboxes (if one day you decide you cannot use gmail for any reason). Also this way probably is a little bit faster too.

  6. Interesting post. Thank you!

  7. Not able to copy the code... :(

    1. You can use ViewRaw link to copy code or use this -

  8. This is really a great post.
    But when I need to check mails, I do not have username and password. Just need to verify if email workflow is being fired or not through SharePoint. Can you please help?

    1. In that case you may have to check on your SMTP server about email being fired

  9. hi,
    is there any way to assert mail template using selenium?

    1. Could you elaborate more on your question?


Post a Comment

No spam only genuine comments :)

Popular posts from this blog

Return only first or last element from webelements collection

We often come across situation when there are multiple elements on a page and we probably like to exercise only a few of them using selenium webdriver. May be just first and last element. For example on a search result page we may like to click on only first and last link and not all. This is when Iterables API comes handy. (By the way I am assuming that you have already completed watching selenium training videos :)). Once we have collection of web element then we can use Iterables to get only first or last element as following - Consider that we fetch collection of element as - List< WebElement > webElements = getDriver().findElements(By. id ( "htmlID" ));   Now we can get the first web element from this collection as -  WebElement firstElement = Iterables. getFirst (webElements,  getDriver().findElement(By. id ( "defaultElement" )));   Herein second argument -   (getDriver().findElement(By. id ( "defaultElement" )))    in the me

Using chrome console to test xPath and css selectors

Since the advent of selenium there have been many plugin to test xPath / css selectors but you don’t need any of them if you have chrome browser. Using Chrome console you can test both xPath and css selectors. Launch website to be tested in chrome browser and hit F-12 and you would see chrome console opened in lower pane of application - Hit escape key and console would open another pane to write element locators - And now you can start writing xPath or css selectors in chrome console and test them - The syntax for writing css id - $$(“ ”) And hit the enter key. If your expression is right then html snippet of the application element corresponding to the css selector would be displayed - If you mouse over the html snippet in chrome console then it would highlight the corresponding element in application - If you want to clean console of previously written element selectors then just hit ctrl+L keys and chrome console would be empty again. Pro

Using xPath to reach parent of an element

Well, I am big fan of css locator my self there are times when css locators don't fit requirement. One such requirement is when you want to navigate to parent element of an element and may be parent of parent and even more. Unfortunately css locators don't provide any mechanism to navigate to parent of an element. See this for more. Of late I came across a scenario when I wanted to click on a link depending upon the text in a text box. Herein parent of text box and parent of link were at the same location. More over there could have been many such combinations in application. Fortunately I just need to pick first such instance and Web Driver any way considers only first instance when multiple locators are found matching an element. Element in question is in following html - Here I need to click on highlighted anchor on the basis of input element (which is also highlighted in image) Herein first I need to reach div parent (class = 'left couponmainarea