Skip to main content

Do you check for absence of element on page

When writing automated tests we often check presence or absence of element for assertion conditions. This is usually written as - 

assertTrue("Element is missing. Bug!!!", pageObject.isSomeElementDisplayed());

And when element is not displayed then above mentioned assert statement fails.

In the similar manner we can write following assert statement to check for absence of element - 

assertFalse("Element is present. Bug!!!", pageObject.isSomeElementDisplayed());

Above mentioned assert statement would fail if element is displayed on page.

Everything looks ok, is not it. Not really, there is catch. Let's have a closer look at assertFalse statement we used above - 


assertFalse("Element is present. Bug!!!", pageObject.isSomeElementDisplayed());

This assert statement would also succeed even if webpage results in 404/500 or any other error page, since error page would also be missing the element on which we are performing assert.

So what is the solution? My recommendation is to not use check for absence of element but presence of element for assertion. What do you think of this approach?

Popular posts from this blog

Distributed Load Testing with JMeter

Distributed Testing with JMeter When one JMeter client is not able to offer amount of threads required for load testing then distributed testing is used. In distributed testing - One instance of JMeter client can control number of JMeter instances and collect data from them Test plan does not need to be copied to each server, the client sends it to all servers note - JMeter will run all the threads on all the servers, hence 100 threads on 5 JMeter server would pump 500 threads in total. If many server instances are used, the client JMeter can become overloaded and so the client network connection. This has been improved in latest versions of JMeter by switching to Stripped modes, but you should always check that your client is not overloaded When Client (master) and Server (slave) nodes are on same network (no SSH required) Configure Client Node Herein client is referred as the machine controlling test execution on other JMeter nodes. This is also referred

Using chrome console to test xPath and css selectors

Since the advent of selenium there have been many plugin to test xPath / css selectors but you don’t need any of them if you have chrome browser. Using Chrome console you can test both xPath and css selectors. Launch website to be tested in chrome browser and hit F-12 and you would see chrome console opened in lower pane of application - Hit escape key and console would open another pane to write element locators - And now you can start writing xPath or css selectors in chrome console and test them - The syntax for writing css id - $$(“ ”) And hit the enter key. If your expression is right then html snippet of the application element corresponding to the css selector would be displayed - If you mouse over the html snippet in chrome console then it would highlight the corresponding element in application - If you want to clean console of previously written element selectors then just hit ctrl+L keys and chrome console would be empty again. Pro

XPath and single quotes

I had tough time dealing with XPath and single quote. Though W3C recommends using ' to escape it but I never got it working, let me know if any of you get through. Came across this blog and found that “concat” could be used in this situation. So original XPath expression is – //meta[@name=’DESCRIPTION’][@content=’Tester’s Test’] This is some thing which certainly fails as single quote in “Tester’s” marks it at end of string and then XPath blows up, next trial was – //meta[@name=’DESCRIPTION’][@content=’Tester''s Test’] This does not work despite w3c recommendation! And then I used concat function and split the string as – concat(‘Tester’,”’”,’s Test’) NOTICE that single quote is kept in double quote while other characters are kept in single quotes. So XPath looks as – //meta[@name=’DESCRIPTION’][@content=concat(‘Tester’,”’”,’s Test’)] And this works charm.